Pelvic Organ Prolapse:
Pelvic Organ Prolapse may occur for many reasons. Some of the causes include child birth, chronic heavy lifting, constipation, and hysterectomy. Many women who have given birth may develop a pelvic organ prolapse. During childbirth, the tissues and muscles that hold pelvic organs in place may be stretched or weakened, and the organs may move from their natural positions to press or bulge into the vagina. For some women, pelvic organ prolapse becomes a painful or uncomfortable problem. Pelvic organ prolapse may continue to progress or stay the same in most women; however, it is possible that it may improve over time for some women. Learn more about Pelvic Organ Prolapse ..
Pelvic Floor Dysfunction:
Pelvic Floor Dysfunction or PFD is the presence of high-tone pelvic floor muscle spasm as may be seen in patients with OAB or interstitial cystitis. PFD may lead to difficulty in passing urine, painful intercourse, difficulty in passing stool, pelvic discomfort, urinary frequency, and/or urgency.
A problem many women have during their childbearing years. It means that a type of tissue that lines the uterus is also growing outside of the uterus. This does not always cause symptoms, and it usually is not dangerous. But it can cause pain and other problems.See diagram.
Interstim Therapy (Medtronic):
Sacral Nerve Stimulation is used to treat urge incontinence, urgency-frequency, and urinary retention when conservative measures failed or were not tolerated by the patient. Interstim Therapy involves the placement of a tiny electrode near the sacral nerves which are located near the tailbone. If this therapy is effective, the electrode and small neurostimulator (pacemaker for the bladder) are implanted underneath the skin in the hip area, upper buttock or abdomen. Therapy is tailored to each individual, and the amount of stimulation can be controlled by the patient to get the optimal response.
An ovarian cyst is a round, thin-walled, clear fluid-filled sac that develops in the ovary as part of normal egg development. When on the ovary's surface, an ovarian cyst looks something like a skin blister. A normal ovarian cyst can grow as large as 1.5 in.(3.8 cm) as it prepares to release an egg into the abdomen (ovulation). See diagram.