Urogynecology & Pelvic Surgery
Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery

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Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Procedures & Services > Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Pelvic organ prolapse means that the female pelvic organs have fallen down from the normal position in the pelvis. The female pelvic organs, which include the bladder, the rectum and the uterus, are suspended into place with special ligaments, connective tissue and muscles. When these ligaments, connective tissue and muscles are damaged or atrophied over time, they no longer provide the needed support. As a result, the uterus may drop and the bladder and the rectum may herniate into the vagina causing a bulge that you may see or feel. Often times prolapse is the result of injuries sustained during childbirth, aging, a woman's tissue composition, chronic coughing and heavy lifting, and obesity.

Evaluation for Pelvic Organ Prolapse

The initial evaluation for pelvic organ prolapse involves taking a detailed medical history accompanied by a physical examination. If a woman has urinary incontinence, overactive bladder, or urinary retention in addition to prolapse, the evaluation may require additional studies.

Treatment for Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Pelvic organ prolapse is rarely caused by serious underlying medical conditions such as cancer. Consequently, the choice of treatment usually depends on the severity of symptoms and how much these symptoms are interfering with one's quality of life or daily activities. There are both surgical and non-surgical options.

Different Types of Pelvic Organ Prolapse


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